Human Development

A Perfect Stepping Stone to International Economic Development

Todor Plamenov Parushev ’14
International Internship, Chile

Todor Plamenov Parushev ’14 completed an internship with the Natural Resources and Infrastructure Division of the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (UN-ECLAC) in Santiago, Chile. The UN-ECALC is a part of the UN Economic and Social Council that works in the areas of economic and social development, executing independent economic research, providing advisory services to governments, and other support activities towards public policy pre-shaping.

Todor’s internship focused on the field of infrastructural development, and specifically on how public policies on logistics and mobility are conceived, designed, implemented and controlled. The team that Todor worked with focused on resolving problems of transportation and logistics supply and demand by mathematical modeling, exploratory data analysis and predictive analytics of transportation data.

Improving Water Access in South Africa

by Georgi Klissurki '14, ThinkImpact, South Africa

My summer in South Africa working with ThinkImpact helping villagers find ways to improve water access has had and will continue to have an extremely strong impact on my life. Academically, I realized how well my two majors, engineering and economics, combine in real life, and particularly in entrepreneurship. In addition, I found great value in design thinking, an approach to innovation that integrates numerous disciplines and emphasizes empathy through utilizing the so-called human-centered design method.

I have serious post-graduation plans to work as an entrepreneur aiming to create positive social impact. Immediately after Dartmouth, I will continue gathering professional experience working in anti-trust economic consulting in New York City. After two or three years, I plan on attending graduate or professional school, if I feel that I can grow significantly there.

Following those years, I intend to return to my home country, Bulgaria, to start a career at the intersection of entrepreneurship and government.

Professor of Economics

Edmonds research aims to improve policy directed at child labor, forced labor, human trafficking, youth migration, and human capital in poor countries. Current projects include a study of a debt-bondage system in Nepal, an effort to provide life skills training to middle school age girls in Rajasthan, and an evaluation of the government of the Philippines principal anti-child labor program. A frequent advisor on issues related to child and forced labor in the global supply chain, he currently serves on advisory panels for the U.S. Department of Labor, the International Labor Organization’s Understanding Children’s Work project, the GoodWeave Foundation, and the National Academy of Science, Engineering, and Medicine.  Edmonds is a Research Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research in Cambridge MA, a Senior Fellow at the Bureau for Research and Economic Analysis of Development, a Research Fellow at the Institute for the Study of Labor, and Editor of World Bank Economic Review. Here at Dartmouth, he created the curriculum in development economics, teaches Economics 24 and 44, and is the faculty lead for the Human Development Initiative.

Curriculum Vitae Twitter
308 Rockefeller
The John Sloan Dickey Center for International Understanding
B.A. University of Chicago
M.A. University of Chicago
M.A. Princeton University
Ph.D. Princeton University

Related Links

Selected Publications

You Get What You Pay For:  Schooling Incentives and Child Labor (with Maheshwor Shrestha), Journal of Development Economics 111, 2014, 196-211,

Does Minimum Age of Employment Regulation Reduce Child Labor?  IZA World of Labor 73, 2014, doi: 10.15185/izawol.73

Independent Child Labor Migrants (with Maheshwor Shrestha) in A. Constant and K Zimmerman (eds.),  International Handbook on the Economics of Migration, Edward Elgar, 2013, 98-120.

The Impact of Minimum Age of Employment Regulation on Child Labor and Schooling (with Maheshwor Shrestha), IZA Journal of Labor Policy 1(14), December 2012.

Poverty Alleviation and Child Labor (with N. Schady), American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 2011, November 2012

Trade Adjustment and Human Capital Investments: Evidence from Indian Tariff Reform (with N. Pavcnik and P. Topalova), American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 2010, vol. 2(4): 42-75.

Selection into Worst Forms of Child Labor, Research in Labor Economics, 2010, 31, 1-32.

Trade, Child Labor, and Schooling in Poor Countries in G. Porto and B. Hoekman (eds.), Trade Adjustment Costs in Developing Countries: Impacts, Determinants, and Policy Responses, CEPR / World Bank Press, 2010.

Child Labor and the Transition Between School and Work (editor with R. Akee and K. Tatsiramos). London: Emerald, 2010.

Public Health in the Economics of Child Labor in A. Fassa, D. Parker, and T. Scanlon (eds.), Child Labour—A Public Health Perspective, Oxford University Press, 2010.

Child labor and schooling in a globalizing world: Evidence from urban India (with N. Pavcnik and P. Topalova), Journal of the European Economics Association Papers and Proceedings, 2009, 7(2-3), 498-507.

The Economics of Consumer Actions against Products with Child Labor Content in H. Hindman (ed.), The World of Child Labor, M. E. Sharpe Press, 2009, 158-162.

Children’s Work and Independent Child Migration: A Critical Review (with M. Shrestha), Innocenti Working Papers 2009—19, Florence: UNICEF, 2009.

Defining Child Labour: A review of the definitions of child labour in policy research / International Labour Office, International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC) - Geneva: ILO, 2009.

Economic Influences on Child Migration Decisions: Evidence from Bihar and Uttar Pradesh (with P. Salinger), Indian Growth and Development Review, 2008, 1 (1), 32-56.

Child Labor, Handbook of Development Economics Volume 4, 2008, (also available as National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper # 12926

Schooling Costs: The link between tariff reform, poverty, and educational attainment (with N. Pavcnik),, May 28, 2008.

Child Labor, in K. Reinert, R. Rajan, A. Glass, and L. Davis (eds.), Princeton Encyclopedia of the World Economy, Princeton University Press, 2007.

Trade and Child Labour (with N. Pavcnik),, July 19, 2007.

Alternative Income Generation and Entry into Worst Forms of Child Labor, in Linking Theory and Practice to Eliminate the Worst Forms of Child Labor, (Bureau of International Labor Affairs, U.S. DOL), 2006, pp. 69-114.

Child Labor and Schooling Responses to Anticipated Income in South Africa, Journal of Development Economics, December 2006, 81(2), 386-414, (an earlier version is NBER Working Paper #10265).

A Review of Alessandro Cigno and Furio Rosati's The Economics of Child Labour (Oxford University Press, 2005), The Journal of Economic Literature, December 2006.

Understanding Sibling Differences in Child Labor, Journal of Population Economics, 19(4), October 2006, 795-821.

Trade Liberalization and the Allocation of Labor between Households and Markets in a Poor Country (with N. Pavcnik), Journal of International Economics, July 2006, 69(2), 272-295.

International Trade and Child Labor: Cross-Country Evidence (with N. Pavcnik), Journal of International Economics, January 2006, 115-140.

Rearranging the Family? Household Composition Responses to Large Pension Receipts (with K. Mammen and D. Miller), The Journal of Human Resources 40(1), Winter 2005, 186-207, (an earlier version is NBER Working Paper #10306).

Does Child Labor Decline with Improving Economic Status? The Journal of Human Resources 40(1), Winter 2005, 77-99, (an earlier version is NBER Working Paper #10134

The Effect of Trade Liberalization on Child Labor (with N. Pavcnik), Journal of International Economics 65(2), March 2005, 401-419, (an earlier version is NBER Working Paper #8760).

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Program Manager, Human Development Initiative, Dickey Center
Program Manager, War & Peace Studies Program, Dickey Center
Lecturer, Department of Anthropology
Lecturer, Asian and Middle Eastern Studies (AMES) Program

As the Program Manager of the Human Development and the War & Peace Studies Programs at the Dickey Center, Dr. Bauer mentors students and facilitates campus events with invited speakers and Dartmouth scholars. Bauer is also a faculty advisor to the Dickey Center-sponsored student organizations Dartmouth Humanitarian Engineering and the International Development Forum.

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As lecturer in the Department of Anthropology and the AMES program, I teach courses on environment and development issues, with a regional focus on Asia and thematic interests in state-society relations, biodiversity conservation, and climate change. Among my research interests are nomad settlement in Tibetan areas of China and economic development in the Himalayas. Ken has more than 20 years of experience as a development consultant for a variety of organizations including UNDP, Asian Development Bank, USAID, TetraTech, and Winrock International. Ken holds a BA from Brown University, an MSc from University of California-Berkeley, and a DPhil degree from the University of Oxford.

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Curriculum Vitae Personal Website
358 Haldeman Center
Asian and Middle Eastern Studies
Institute for Writing and Rhetoric
The John Sloan Dickey Center for International Understanding
B.A. Brown University
M.S. University of California, Berkeley
Ph.D. University of Oxford

Selected Publications

2015. “New homes, new lives: The impacts of resettlement on Tibetan nomads in Qinghai Province, PRC.” Nomadic Peoples 19(2): 209-220.

2014. “High Frontiers: Dolpo Revisited.” Tibet Journal 39(1): 157-181.

2013. “Are preventive and coping measures enough to avoid loss and damage from flooding in Udayapur District, Nepal?” International Journal of Global Warming 5(4): 433-451.

2012. Salick, Jan, Anja Byg, Kenneth Bauer. “Contemporary Tibetan Cosmology of Climate Change.” Journal for the Study of Religion, Nature and Culture 6(4):447-­476.

2011. Bauer, Kenneth, Geoff Childs, Sienna Craig, Andrew Fischer, eds. Development Transitions: Land, Labor and Social Policy in Tibet. Kathmandu: Himal Books.

2011. Bauer Kenneth, Yonten Nyima. “Laws and Regulations Impacting the Enclosure Movement on the Tibetan Plateau of China.” Himalaya 30(1-2):23­-37

2011. Bauer, Kenneth, Geoff Childs, Andrew Fischer. “Development in Tibet: Land, Labor and Social Policy in Context of Rapid Transition. ” Himalaya 30(1-­2):1­-7.

2011. “Training Women for Success: An Evaluation of Entrepreneurship Training Programs in Vermont, USA. ” Journal of Entrepreneurship Education 14: 1-24.

2010. Bauer, Kenneth, Antoni Magri. “The Herder's Environment: A GIS Case Study of Resource Use Patterns Among Pastoralists in Central Tibet.” Journal of Land Use Science 28 July, pp.1-12.

2010. Wang, Qingbin, Kenneth Bauer, Kathleen Liang. “Toward multidisciplinary entrepreneurship education.” International Journal of Innovation and Regional Development 2(1/2): 84-95.

2009. “On the Politics and the Possibilities of Participatory Mapping and GIS: Using Spatial Technologies to Study Common Property and Land Use Change Among Pastoralists in Central Tibet.” Cultural Geographies 16: 229-252.

2008. Bauer, Kenneth, Geoff Childs. “Demographics, Development, and the Environment in Tibetan Areas.” Journal of the International Association of Tibetan Studies 4:1-8.

2006. “Common Property and Power: Insights from Spatial Analysis of Historical and Contemporary Pasture Boundaries among Pastoralists in Central Tibet.” Journal of Political Ecology 13: 24-47.

2005. "Pastoral Development and the Enclosure Movement in the Tibet Autonomous Region since the 1980s.” Nomadic Peoples 9: 85-115.

2004. High Frontiers: Dolpo and the Changing World of Himalayan Pastoralists. Columbia University Press.

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Associate Professor of Government
Coordinator, War and Peace Studies Program, Dickey Center for International Understanding

BENJAMIN VALENTINO is an Associate Professor of Government at Dartmouth College. His research interests include the causes and consequences of violent conflict and American foreign and security policies. At Dartmouth he teaches courses on international relations, international security, American foreign policy, the causes and prevention of genocide and serves as co-director the Government Department Honors Program. He is also the faculty coordinator for the War and Peace Studies Program at Dartmouth's Dickey Center for International Understanding. Professor Valentino's book, Final Solutions: Mass Killing and Genocide in the 20th Century, received the Edgar S. Furniss Book Award for making an exceptional contribution to the study of national and international security. His work has appeared in outlets such as The New York Times, Foreign Affairs, The American Political Science Review, Security Studies, International Organization, Public Opinion Quarterly, World Politics and The Journal of Politics. He is currently working on several research projects focusing on public opinion on the use of force, civilian and military casualties in interstate wars and developing early warning models of large-scale violence against civilians.

Curriculum Vitae Personal Website
Silsby 208
The John Sloan Dickey Center for International Understanding
B.A. Stanford University
Ph.D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Selected Publications

Final Solutions: Mass Killing and Genocide in the Twentieth Century (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2004).

“Revisiting Hiroshima in Iran: American Attitudes about Nuclear Weapons and Non-Combatant Immunity,” International Security, Vol. 42, No. 1 (Summer 2017), pp. 41–79. With Scott Sagan.

“Why We Kill: The Political Science of Political Violence against Civilians,” Annual Review of Political Science, (Spring 2014)

“Atomic Aversion: Experimental Evidence on Taboos, Traditions, and the Non-Use of Nuclear Weapons.” With Scott Sagan and Daryl Press. American Political Science Review, vol. 107, no. 1 (Winter 2013).

“The True Costs of Humanitarian Intervention: The Hard Truth Behind a Noble Notion.” Foreign Affairs, vol. 90, no. 6 (November/December 2011), pp. 60-73.

Selected Works and Activities

The Early Warning Project: A collaborative project with the Simon-Skjodt Center for the Prevention of Genocide at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum designed to produce risk assessments of the potential for mass atrocities around the world by combining state-of-the-art quantitative and qualitative analysis. The project aims to give governments, advocacy groups, and at-risk societies earlier and more reliable warning, and thus more opportunity to take action, before such killings occur.



  • Government 5: International Relations

  • Government 50: War and Peace in the Modern Age

  • Government 53: International Security

  • Government 85.16: The Causes and Prevention of Mass Killing and Genocide

  • Government 98-99: Senior Honors Thesis Seminar



What is the definition of "Human Development?"

Mentors and Projects

LISA ADAMSAssociate Professor of Medicine and Associate Dean for Global Health

GIS Frequently Asked Questions

  • Is this a class?

GIS is not a class and you do not receive academic credit for participating. However, it is designed to complement the academic experience of a first-year student. Most Scholars find that GIS helps shape their academic trajectory at Dartmouth either confirming they are on the right major/minor path, or opening up new pathways for exploration.


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